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Strengthening Sino- African poverty alleviation collaboration through knowledge sharing

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全文如下:

Over four decades, rapid economic transformation has lifted millions of people  out of poverty in China. Development economic experts assert that China’s rapid  economic transformation and its impressive development trajectory may

provide  a model for Africa, where China’s presence has grown immensely over the same  period. However, it is not an easy task to learn from the experiences of other  nations in terms of attaining certain development goals, because countries differ  in their geopolitical conditions, cultural settings, and the mobilization of the  required resources for such development. Nevertheless, in spite of the challenges,  the lessons learned can be beneficial in offering required inputs to design policies  with specific goals and a timeline for executing them to achieve the objectives.  China’s success in poverty reduction, during the past four decades, has attracted  the attention of the international community. Other developing nations can take a  lesson from China in fighting poverty in their own specific settings. As for Africa,  the continent has a second mover advantage in using China’s poverty success  strategy with significant effect and prominent innovative experience, and can  attain good outcomes in shared development. Ravallion (2009) offered several  policy recommendations worth thinking about in an African context, emerging  from the literature on how the Chinese were able to successfully fight against  poverty. In another remark, Heilig et al. (2005) have drawn three lessons from  China’s experience, applicable to other poverty-affected developing nations,  especially in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. First, they argue that it is important  for these nations to get their economic system in order, and, second, for them to  develop a clear concept of regional development. Third, there are certain poverty  reduction measures that are essential and must be aimed at improving the basic  living standards, health, and education of the poverty-stricken inhabitants.

The Chinese have been remarkable in terms of poverty alleviation, while in  Africa, poverty has fluctuated, during the past four decades. Cooperation in poverty reduction between China and the African countries  can also be extended to China’s non-poverty-focused projects and programs in  Africa. As the Chinese economy reaches the Lewisian Turning Point (wage and  other production costs started to rise), the governments in China and African  countries may encourage certain labor-intensive industries to move from China  to the African countries to help certain African countries develop their manufacturing bases to provide the poor, especially those landless poor, with employment opportunities.

With China’s remarkable success in poverty alleviation, the poor population  has become more dispersed, and the advantages of regional targeting can no  longer be actualized. In response, the Chinese government should narrow targeting from the county level so as to improve accuracy and bring the residents of  poor villages within non-poor counties into the village-wise poverty program.  This has the advantage of preventing poverty alleviation funds being wasted.  Also, the Chinese leadership can choose a number of poor villages to carry out  pilot work for a “leapfrog development” model of poverty alleviation according  to the general requirement of constructing a new countryside. Because the production and living conditions of poor villages are more backward than other  areas in general, employing an overall, gradual poverty alleviation and development model will require a long period of time and will not necessarily achieve  the intended purpose. Using the “leapfrog development” model enables poor  areas to quickly catch up. Poverty reduction funding alone may be insufficient––even unsustainable––without knowledge inputs and outputs.

作者简介:迈克Ehizuelen Michael Mitchell Omoruyi),非洲金沙官网尼日利亚籍教师。研究领域包括:发展援助、新兴经济、中非关系、海外直接投资以及中国经济等。

本文发表于《Development and Poverty Reduction—A Global Comparative Perspective》

作者:迈克(Ehizuelen Michael Mitchell Omoruyi)

发表时间:2020-03-26

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